Download the Raspbian image

Download the latest Raspbian image from the official download page. As of writing this, the latest Raspbian OS is Raspbian Buster (based on Debian 10). I chose the Raspbian Buster lite as it doesn’t include any UI and and the size is less.

Unzip the downloaded file with the following command.

cd ~/Downloads && unzip "*raspbian-*"

Raspbian On RPI

Flash the image to SD card

Download the etcher tool from the official website.

Unzip the tool with the following command

cd ~/Downloads && unzip "balena-etcher-electron-*"

Make the etcher AppImage executable

chmod +x balenaEtcher-*-x64.AppImage

Run the etcher tool


Insert SD card into card reader slot. Follow the on screen instructions of the etcher tool and flash the extracted Raspbian image to SD card.

Boot the image

Monitor, mouse and keyboard are required for the first time to enable the SSH. By default SSH is disabled.

After connecting raspberry to monitor, run the following command to enable SSH.

sudo raspi-config

Navigate to Interfacing Options -> SSH and then enable the SSH by pressing Enter.

WiFi can also be configured by going into Network Options -> Wi-Fi and then entering SSID credentials. I prefer connecting RaspberryPi to ethernet port of a router.

Assign a fixed IP address to your raspberry Pi device. This can be done by using DHCP bind or DHCP static bind feature or similar in your router settings web page. This feature will always assign the same IP address to your Raspberry Pi device.

Login to RaspberryPi

Reboot the device so that it gets the IP address bound to it’s MAC from the router.SSH into the raspberryPi using the following command

ssh pi@ip_add_ress # Replace the ip_add_ress with raspberryPi IP address.

Change the default password using the following command


Update the OS

Run the following commands to update the system

sudo apt update
sudo apt -y upgrade

That’s it. The Raspbian OS is installed on Raspberry Pi and ready to access over network for further development like creating web server, hosting or accessing applications.